Housing Adjustment Phenomena in the Coastal Area of Muara Angke, North Jakarta, Indonesia

Juarni, Anita and Iwan, Sudradjat (2018) Housing Adjustment Phenomena in the Coastal Area of Muara Angke, North Jakarta, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 8 (8). pp. 35-43. ISSN 2090-4274

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Abstract

In the early 1970s, the Government of Jakarta developed Muara Angke, a delta located at the north coast of the city as a new settlement to accommodate housing facilities for the local fishery community members. Muara Angke was an area vulnerable to flooding. During the year 1977 to 2012, ten significant floods had occurred at Muara Angke, causing damages to people’s houses and degrading the quality of their lives. Consequently, from time to time the residents had to adjust their houses and surrounding environments to overcome the critical conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate the housing adjustments made by the residents in response to the threat of flood.This research was carried out using interview and field observation methods. Four housing blocks in Muara Angke, namely block H, L, K and Bermis were selected as the objects of study.120 households were purposefully selected as respondents, to represent each housing block or sub-population proportionately. The research findings show that the flood incidents had forced the residents to 1) raise the elevation of the ground floor, to avoid water intrusion into their houses, and hence to prevent any damage to the exterior as well as the interior of the house. 2) heighten the ceiling clearance, to anticipate the effect of land subsidence for many years to come. 3) build additional floor levels as family refuge area in case a flood incident occurred. Also, depending on their financial ability, the residents increasethe level of privacy and improve the physical standard of their living space, by 1) expanding floor area, 2) improving spatial configuration, and 3) adding income generating unit such as rental rooms and small-shop.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Karya Tulis Ilmiah
Depositing User: Asep Kamaludin
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 06:43
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2019 06:44
URI: http://eprints.itenas.ac.id/id/eprint/375

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